Sehat Sahulat COVID-19 Study: Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, and Economic Consequences among the Low-Income Households in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Sehat Sahulat COVID-19 study is a collaborative effort of an international, multi-disciplinary team of researchers. This dashboard incorporates results from a telephone survey that tracks COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and income changes in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Pakistan, from April until October 2020. In addition, we are testing interventions to tackle the COVID-19 related information constraints and to promote preventive health behavior in the high-risk population.

  • Adoption of preventive measures remains limited.
  • Majority of people experienced a decrease in or complete loss of income and have a limited resource availability for self-isolation.
  • Confidence in the government and the COVID-19 policies is generally high, but there is less support for stricter measures.








Respondents by Profession



What are the most common symptoms of COVID-19?—open question

Do you think coronavirus cases can be asymptomatic? [Yes, No, Don’t Know]

How can coronavirus be transmitted?—open question

What personal measures can help reduce the transmission of coronavirus? —open question

Who is at risk of developing severe COVID-19 illness?—open question

Who is at risk of developing severe COVID-19 illness?—open question

Are the following statements true? [True, False, Don’t Know]

How many of 100 people who get infected will die of coronavirus?


How much confidence do you have in the following organizations regarding their message on coronavirus? [A Great Deal, Quite Alot], [Not Very Much, None]

How much do you trust these groups regarding their message on coronavirus?— [Trust Completely, Trust Somewhat], [Not Very Much, Not at All]

Do you agree or disagree with the following statements? — [Strongly Agree, Agree], [Disagree, Strongly Disagree]

How severe do you perceive COVID infection as compared to other common infectious diseases in your area?

How likely


What COVID-19 preventive measures do you follow regularly?—open question.

How often did you leave the house during the past 7 days?

Why did you have to leave your house during the last seven days?—open question

What would members of your community do if they feel that they might have symptoms of COVID-19? —open question

In case you or one of your family members is affected by coronavirus, which health facility would you prefer for treatment?—open question

Economic Consequences

Did your household have any income changes during the past two weeks?—[Unchanged, Decreased, Complete Loss, Increased]

For how many days do you have monetary resources in case of a lockdown?

Do you get any sustenance support from the government since the start of the lockdown? [Yes, No]

What kind of economic support did you receive from the government since the start of the lockdown?



Prof. Dr. Andreas Landmann
Full Professor (Development Economics)
Friedrich–Alexander University Erlangen–Nürnberg, Germany
Dr. Muhammad Riaz Tanoli
Programme Director, Social Health Protection Initiative (Sehat Sahulat Programme)
Department of Health
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Prof. Dr. Sebastian Vollmer
Full Professor (Development Economics)
Georg August University of Göttingen, Germany
Dr. Sheraz Ahmad Khan
MBBS, MPH, PhD Scholar (Global Health)
The University of Edinburgh, Scotland
Dr. Zohaib Khan
MPH, PhD (Public Health), Commonwealth Fellow
Director, Office of Research, Innovation, and Commercialization
Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Lisa Rogge
PhD Scholar (Economics)
Leibniz University of Hannover; Georg August University of Göttingen, Germany
Dr. Muhammad Jawad Noon
MBBS, MSc (Oxon.)
Research Fellow
Georg August University of Göttingen, Germany
Raheel Shahab Khan
Study Coordinator
ICU Healthcare, Pakistan

Recommended Citation

Raheel Shahab Khan, Sheraz Ahmad Khan, Zohaib Khan, Andreas Landmann, Muhammad Jawad Noon, Lisa Rogge, Muhammad Riaz Tanoli, Sebastian Vollmer (2020). Sehat Sahulat COVID-19 Study. Sehat Sahulat Program, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Access at https://sehatinsafcard.com/covidstudy/dashboard.html


Trial Registration: Information Constraints and Preventive Behavior amongst COVID-19 Risk Groups in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. AEA RCT Registry. Access at https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/6307

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